From immigration to healthcare, the United States Supreme court ended its Spring term with major rulings. The Court upheld both a key component of thecontroversial S.B. 1070 Arizona immigration law, and “Obamacare.” However, the Supreme Court has all but exhausted cases of major importance.
When it returns to session in October, the Supreme Court is scheduled to rule on Fisher vs. University of Texas, a case concerning Affirmative Action policies in higher education. Affirmative Action policies have been controversial since their inception. It will be up to the Court to either uphold their legitimacy, strike them down, or modify the rationale for their existence to ensure they serve a compelling purpose.
Affirmative Action is a set of policies that require that special consideration be given to ethnic minorities and women who apply for academic, job, or contracting opportunities. Such policies usually involve setting timetables for increasing minority representation in these institutions, and use recruitment, preference or reserved positions to achieve these timetable goals.
The rationale behind Affirmative Action has evolved over time. As the Supreme Court prepares to rule on this case, it’s important to contemplate whether Affirmative Action continues to provide a valuable service.
The Origins of Affirmative Action: Creating a Level Playing Field